A Glance Inside Training


Forum News Service file photoMichael Vosburg / Forum News Service The Minnesota Public Utilities Commission granted Enbridge's controversial Line 3 oil pipeline project the authorization to construct, leaving just a stormwater permit to be approved before construction can begin. In a letter filed Tuesday, PUC Executive Secretary William Seuffert told Enbridge officials that PUC staff had agreed the company had submitted the necessary preconstruction documents required by the project's route permit. The PUC in February voted 3-1 to approve Line 3's route permit , and the order was issued in October. "Commission staff has advised me, and I agree, that the compliance documents submitted by Enbridge, as identified in this letter, are in general agreement with the terms and conditions of the October 26, 2020 Pipeline Routing Permit and that Enbridge has complied with the pre-construction compliance filing requirements," Seuffert wrote. Seuffert noted Enbridge still needed to file the name and contact information for the project's tribal monitor. In its preconstruction compliance review earlier this month, the Minnesota Department of Commerce's Energy and Environmental Review and Analysis department also noted that filing was needed by Enbridge, but it sent its recommendation without it to help ensure construction can take place in made a post winter. "(Energy Environmental Review and Analysis) generally waits until all required filings are received before commencing its preconstruction review," Andrew Levi, environmental review manager, wrote in the Nov. 12 letter. "However, given the strong desire of the Department of Natural Resources and the Pollution Control Agency for the permittee to utilize winter construction to mitigate impacts, staff is filing this letter although there is a single filing outstanding." Enbridge is hoping to begin construction on its $2.9 million, 340-mile pipeline by the end of the year. Once construction begins, it should take six to nine months to complete. Once complete, the pipeline will replace the existing, aging Line 3 and ferry 760,000 barrels of oil (31.92 million gallons) per day from Alberta, Canada, to Enbridge's terminal in Superior, following a new route through much of northern Minnesota.



Outcome goals might be winning a race or making the lead pack in your local group ride. A process goal, however, is something that helps you achieve that outcome goal. For example, a process goal might be to hydrate sufficiently throughout the ride. Process goals are goals that you generally have control over whether or not you complete them, whereas an outcome goal may have many confounding variables such as weather or actions of other competitors. Finally, you need to actually warm up in order to have your best possible workout. Once out on the bike, allow for about 20-30 minutes of pedaling in order for your body to adequately warm up and feel prepared to take on intensity. After some aerobic pedaling, try to gradually increase the intensity to help ease your way into your workout. High cadence drills: High cadence efforts are a great way to warm up because they get your heart rate up and blood pumping without overloading the legs by pushing heavy gears or high wattages. Zone build: You can also try spending a few minutes in each one of your training zones. This gradual and controlled build-up to intensity will help to take the shock away from hard efforts when it’s time to really turn over the pedals. If you have something new you want to try before your workout, give it a go.