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Scientists say that without a reduction of consumption of red meat and some other foods, emissions from food production would double by 2050. But they said that meeting one of the targets, limiting overall warming this century to 1.5 degrees Celsius, or about 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit, could be achieved through “rapid and ambitious” changes to the global food system over the next several decades, including adopting plant-rich diets, increasing crop yields and reducing food waste. “If we’re trying to meet the 1.5-degree Celsius target there is no single silver bullet that is going to get us there,” said Michael Clark, a researcher at the Nuffield Department of Population Health at the University of Oxford in England and the lead author of the new research, an analysis of the climate effects of global food production published in the journal Science. “But together all of them will.” Meeting the 2-degree Celsius target would be easier, Dr. Clark said. But in both cases, he added, the analysis is based on immediately reaching “net zero” emissions from the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, transportation and industry. Although countries have pledged to reduce them, current fossil-fuel emissions are nowhere near zero, and once they are factored in, he said, “any food transition probably needs to be larger and faster.” Food production results in emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other planet-warming gases in many ways, including land clearing and deforestation for agriculture and grazing, digestion by cattle and other livestock, production and use of fertilizers and the cultivation of rice in flooded paddies. Overall emissions are equivalent to about 16 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide a year, or about 30 percent of total global emissions. While the world tends to focus on reducing emissions from fossil-fuel burning, the new study shows cutting emissions from food is crucial, too, the researchers said. “Food systems are sort of the dark horse of climate change,” said Jason Hill, senior author of the paper and a professor at the University of Minnesota . The researchers forecast how emissions would change in coming decades as the world population grows, diets and consumption patterns change as some countries become more affluent, and crop yields increase. [Finance]

This just goes to show what a devastating effect the drought had on our region in 2019. We must remain vigilant.” Outside watering of lawns and gardens is allowed with a hand held hose with a trigger nozzle or with a water efficient drip irrigation system for two hours on Sunday and funny post Wednesday between 6-8pm. Watering of gardens with a bucket is permitted but not during the heat of the day. Buckets can be used to wash vehicles but not during the heat of the day and watering of new turf can resume for up to six weeks adding an additional 2 hours on Monday and Thursday to the standard watering days already available for lawns and gardens. Hand held hoses must not be used to wash cars, washing down hard surfaces, even with a high pressure cleaner is not allowed and filling of private swimming pools is still prohibited. Sprinklers and fixed hoses must not be used at any time. Public parks, gardens and facilities will be allowed one watering cycle per field on Monday and Thursday for selected sports fields and parks which include Armidale Sportsground, Rologas Field, Harris Park and Central Park. Commercially owned sports areas and landscaping can be irrigated for two hours on Monday and Thursday between 5-7pm. Commercial and industrial water users will no longer require exemptions however Council strongly encourages continued water conservation practices as a long term business strategy with the minimum expectation of a 15 percent reduction in average water usage.